When an application for registration of a trade mark is accepted, the application is advertised in the Journal. Any person who wishes to oppose the registration of the trade mark can do so within three months from the date of advertisement in the Journal.
Opposition is an objection to the registration of a trade mark application in the form it was advertised.
We recommend that a potential opponent first contacts the trade mark applicant directly about their concerns, before formally filing a Notice of Opposition. The 3 month opposition period allows time for this exchange to happen.
If the parties are unable to settle the matter between them, the opponent may formally file a Notice of Opposition with the fee.
Once a Notice of Opposition has been filed, the trade mark applicant then has 2 months to file a Counter-statement, or to abandon their trade mark application. If the applicant doesn't file a Counter-statement within the required 2 months, the application will be deemed abandoned.
These time limits apply to any filing evidence in an opposition proceeding:
- Two months for an opponent to file evidence in reply to a Counter-statement (or advise they do not intend to file evidence).
- Two months for the trade mark applicant to respond to the opponent's evidence.
- One month for the opponent to file evidence strictly in reply to the applicant's evidence.
It's expected that no further evidence will be filed, although in some circumstances the Trade Mark Regulations 2003 make provision for the late filing of evidence.
Either party may apply for an extension of time. Such applications are subject to some limitations. The party requesting the extension of time must provide grounds for the extension of time that convince the Office that ‘genuine and exceptional’ circumstances exist that justify the extension of time being granted.
Parties may withdraw from the opposition proceedings at any time, and at various points within the process a failure to meet time limits may result in the opposition being ruled abandoned or discontinued.
If a party withdraws without making any prior arrangements regarding costs, costs may be awarded against them.
Once all evidence is filed and the case is ready to be decided by the Commissioner, the parties will be contacted to ask how they want a decision to be made. The parties may elect:
- for a decision on the basis of the pleadings and evidence as filed, with no written or oral submissions from the parties, or
- for a decision on the basis of an exchange of written submissions, in accordance with a timetable agreed in advance with the Hearings Office, or
- to attend a hearing in person and make oral submissions.
Parties who elect to submit written submissions, or to attend a formal hearing, will be required to pay a Hearing Fee at the time they state their wish to make submissions or be heard.
An Assistant Commissioner then considers the case and issues a written decision, including any order as to payment of costs. For more information see our practice guidelines on Cost awards in proceedings before the Commissioner.
Either party may appeal the Commissioner’s decision, within 20 working days after the date of the decision. The appeal must be made to the High Court.
1. Opponent files Notice of Opposition (Regulations 73-75 of the Regulations)
2. Applicant files Counter-statement (Regulations 79, 80 of the Regulations)
If no Counter-statement filed, application is ruled abandoned pursuant to section 48(2) of the Act
3. Opponent files evidence in support of their pleadings (Regulation 82 of the Regulations)
Failure to file evidence may result in opposition being discontinued
4. Applicant files evidence in support of their pleadings (Regulation 84 of the Regulations)
5. Opponent files evidence strictly in reply to applicant's evidence
6. The Commissioner asks the opponent/applicant whether they wish to be heard/how they wish the case to be decidedIf a hearing is requested this is arranged (Regulation 124 of the Regulations)
7. Following either a hearing or such other way as the parties have elected the matter to be decied, the Commissioner issues a formal written decision
Decisions may be appealed to the High Court (Section 171 of the Act)